Saturday, October 1, 2016

Health Corner: Caring For Your Kidneys

Every year, a countless number of lives are lost due to kidney-related diseases. Kidney diseases kill you silently, and largely affect the quality of life you lead. Our kidneys are vital to our overall health and wellbeing, so looking after them should be a priority. The ills from kidney damage can be avoided by taking simple precautions against diseases of the kidney. These include:

Keeping Fit and Being Active

High blood pressure is currently the second leading cause of kidney disease. Keeping fit reduces blood pressure and the risk of developing Chronic Kidney Disease.

Eating Healthy

Our diet needs to be balanced, rich in vitamins, minerals which are highly needed by the body. We should eat more of raw, and less of processed. Fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes are essential components of a healthy diet. Less salty, sugary and fatty foods should be consumed.

Staying Hydrated

We need to drink plenty of fluids so that our kidneys function properly. The presence of dark urine may be an indication of dehydration. Persons who take in fluid regularly should have straw-colored urine. When exercising strenuously, we are advised to drink up, in order to make up for the fluid lost in sweat.

Quitting Smoking and Limiting Alcohol Intake

Smokers are advised to quit smoking for the wellbeing of their kidneys. Non-smokers should stay away from environments where cigarette is smoked. Research has proven alcohol harmful to the kidneys, its consumption increases the risk of renal failure.
Monitoring Your Blood Pressure and Blood Sugar Level
Many people are aware that high blood pressure most likely leads to a stroke or heart attack but few know that is a leading cause of kidney damage. The normal blood pressure level is 120/83. Between 120/80 and 139/89, the subject is said to be prehypertensive. At 140/90 and above, the subject is said to be hypertensive, and should be closely followed up. High blood pressure in association with diabetes and high cholesterol further increases the risk of kidney damage. 
Diabetic patients need to have their kidneys checked regularly, given that half of the people who have diabetes develop kidney damage. The risk of developing kidney damage from diabetes is lessened or prevented when detected early.
Avoiding the Regular Consumption of Over The Counter Drugs
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen are known to cause kidney disease and damage if taken on a regular basis, and should be taken be taken only when strictly necessary.